Hungary is a country of unique beauty in the heart of Europe.
Hungary is located in the low-lying areas of the Carpathian Basin and has a landscape of rolling hills and plains. Hungary has a plenty of wonders to show you. Hungary is among the top tourist destinations in Europe with the capital Budapest regarded as one of the most beautiful cities worldwide. Additionally Hungary has more than a thousand thermal water springs and swimming or bathing in these waters for relaxation or as part of medical treatments is an important activity for Hungarian people. Hungarian culture is especially colorful and creative. The specialities of the region and the traditions have created a base for a style in the center of Europe from street food to classical music as well as decor and clothing. These traditional values have been maintained throughout the ages, though of course the modern world also has an influence. The larger cities – particularly the capital – are powerhouses of groundbreaking innovation, contemporary art and modern music.
BASIC FACTS ABOUT HUNGARY
- Official name: Hungary
- Area: 93 030 km2
- Population: ~ 9 800 000 (2020)
- Neighbouring countries: Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia
- Official language: Hungarian
- Calling Code: 36
- Internet TLD: .hu
- State form: Republic
- Hungary is a member of OECD, NATO, EU and the Schengen Convention.
- Administratively, Hungary is divided into 19 counties with the capital cit
- Capital and largest city: Budapest (population: ~ 1 750 000)
- Other large cities: Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs, Győr
- Religion: Hungary is a mostly Christian nation
- Currency: Forint (HUF)
- Time zone: CET (GMT +1)
- Climate and Weather: Hungary has four different seasons. Whilst summers are warm, winters can be really cold; average temperatures range from -4 °C in January to 26 °C in July. Hungary is in the temperate zone and has a relatively dry continental climate.
- Major rivers: River Danube (417 km) - that divides the country and the capital, Budapest, once known as two separate cities, Buda and Pest - , River Tisza (597 km)
- Largest lakes: Lake Balaton (one of the biggest tourist attractions of the country), Lake Velence
- National parks: ten national parks in Hungary
- UNESCO World Heritage sites: 7 Cultural and 1 Natural
- Highest point above sea level: Kékes (1014 m) in the Mátra Hills
HUNGARY TRAVEL FACTS
Visa: US citizens will need a current (good for at least 6 months) passport to visit Hungary.
Citizens of the EU or EEA do not require a visa for visits under 90 days but must have a valid passport.
Airports: Five international airports serve Hungary. Most travelers will arrive in Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport (BUD), colloquially known as Ferihegy.
Trains: There are 3 major train stations in Budapest: East, West, and South.
Culture: Hungarian culture has a long tradition that travelers can enjoy while exploring Hungary. Folk costumes from Hungary remember the country's past.
DISTANCE BETWEEN BUDAPEST AND SOME MAJOR EUROPEAN CITIES BY CAR:
- Frankfurt am Main, Germany: 963 km
- Berlin, Germany: 874 km
- Munich, Germany: 655 km
- Amsterdam, the Netherlands: 1,397 km
- Rome, Italy: 1,217 km
- Paris, France: 1,485 km
- Vienna, Austria: 243 km
- Prague, Czech Republic: 525 km
- Bratislava, Slovakia: 200 km
- Warsaw, Poland: 722 km
- Ljubljana, Slovenia: 463 km
- Zagreb, Croatia: 343 km
- Bucharest, Romania: 825 km
- Belgrade, Serbia: 378 km
- Kiev, Ukraine: 1,116 km
DID YOU KNOW?
That Hungarian use their names differently? Family name comes first!
That Budapest (the capital city of Hungary) has the highest number of thermal springs in the world? 70 million liters of thermal water rises to the surface of the earth daily. Hungary has public bathing practices that go back to Roman times.
That Buda and Pest, the two parts of the capital have two completely different vibes? Some people say Buda is a bit bougie and Pest is more…hipster. You’ll be the judge.
That Hungarians are mightily inventive? Notable inventions include the Rubik’s Cube (by sculptor and professor Erno Rubik, 1974), the krypton electric bulb (by physicist Imre Brody in 1937), and the ballpoint pen also knonw as „biro” (patented in 1938 by journalist László Bíró).
That Hungary has 22 wine regions?Not only has wine been produced here since the 5th century, but the world’s very first quality based vineyard classification was established for Tokaj, the most famous wine region of the country.
That pálinka (the Hungarian National Spirit) is considered the cure for all ills? Refuse a shot of the ubiquitous fruit brandy and risk causing great insult – not to mention confusion. Hungarian nagymamák (grandmas) swear by its powers. As the saying goes: “Palinka in small amounts is a medicine, in large amounts a remedy”.
That Hungarians have their own cowboys? They are called “csikós” in Hungarian. They live and entertain the visitors with amazing horse shows on the Hungarian Great Plain called the “Puszta”.